Get Ready To Count Race and Ethnicity To Match New EEO-1 Report
By William H. Truesdell, SPHR, President, The Management Advantage, Inc.
On November 28, 2005, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) published a Notice of Submission for OMB (Office of Management and Budget) Review containing its final version of the updated EEO-1 Report.
NOTE: If you are a private sector employer with 100-plus employees, or a government contractor with 50-plus employees and $50,000 in
government contracts you will be affected by these proposed changes once approved. Regardless, affected or not, as a HR professional you
should understand these issues and share them with others.
Qualifying employers must file demographic data each year by September 30 that tells the government the makeup of their workforce by sex and race/ethnicity. This is further divided into occupational categories called EEO-1 Groups.
The EEO-1 Report is one of several Standard Form 100 reports created by the government to amass statistics about America’s workforce. EEO-1 contains information from private sector employers (both publicly traded companies and privately held). EEO-4 contains information from public sector employers (cities, counties, states, special districts). What used to be the EEO-5 and EEO-6 reports for the education sector have now been embedded in Department of Education reports. The EEO-3 report, however, is still required of unions. And EEO-2 is required for Labor- Management Committees and certain apprenticeship programs. The EEOC began collecting employer data in 1966 under the authority given to it by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. From then until now, little has changed in the EEO-1 form.
One major change has been made in the occupational categories. And, as you can see from the content of Figure 2, some cosmetic differences have also occurred. Of primary importance is the splitting of EEO Category 1. It will become two groups, one for executives and senior level managers and the other for mid-level managers and supervisors.
Gathering Data for the EEO-1 Report
The new instructions offer some specific guidance about how employers are to collect this data from their employees.
“Self-identification is the preferred method of identifying the race and ethnic information necessary for the EEO-1 report. Employers are strongly encouraged to use self-identification to complete the EEO-1 report. If an employee declines to self-identify, employment records or observer identification may be used.”1
Regardless of how you determine the Race/Ethnicity and Sex identification of your employees, you will be held accountable for having and maintaining that information for all employees.
Next Step -- Resurvey in 2007
Since the changes create two, new EEO-1categories where only “Asian” used to exist (see Fig. 1), and since we will be allowing people to indicate “Two or More Races,” a complete resurvey of your employees should be done. There is time to plan and budget for this work, however. The data won’t be needed until the September 30, 2007 report filing, but it must be gathered at some time prior to that. It would be reasonable to plan on resurveying your workforce in the summer of 2007 so you can clean your data and have it ready for reporting when needed. About the same time, you should plan to begin using replacement forms for new employee self-identification that include the updated category choices.
Self-identification is likely the only method that will successfully determine which employees consider themselves to be multiple-racial. Typically, observation alone is not sufficient to accurately make this identification. Depending on the size of your organization, surveying your workforce to solicit these self-identifications can cost considerable amounts of money if accomplished using a manual, paper and pencil process. On the other hand, employers who devise electronic methods for collecting the data, while maintaining the data in a secure and private environment, could see these collection costs considerably reduced.
Just be sure you have this item on your agenda as you move through the planning process for 2006. The larger your organization the longer it will take to collect, clean and certify the accuracy of your data. All that must be done, of course, before you are able to submit an EEO-1 report to the government in 2007 using the new reporting categories.