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Excerpt - A Summary of Employment Anti-Discrimination Laws

Excepted From The Appendix: A Summary of Employment Anti-Discrimination Laws

The following is a except from the appendix of The Job Seeker’s Guide to Diversity Employment Resources. It is a summary of federal anti-discrimination employment laws for companies with federal contracts, state and local governments, private employers, educational institutions, and programs receiving federal assistance.

 

Anti-Discrimation Federal EmploymentLaws Addressing Federal Government Contractors

Applicants to, and employees of companies with the federal government contracts or subcontracts are protected under the following Federal laws:

Race, Color, Religion, Sex, And National Origin.  Executive Order 11246, as amended, prohibits job discrimination on the basis of race, religion, sex or national origin, and requires affirmative action to ensure equality of opportunity in all aspects of employment.

Individuals with Disabilities. Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, prohibits job discrimination because of disability and requires affirmative action to employ and advance in employment, qualified individuals with disabilities who, with reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of a job.

Vietnam Era and Special Disabled Veterans. 38 U.S.C. 4212 of the Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974 prohibits job discrimination and requires affirmative action to employ and advance in employment qualified Vietnam era veterans and qualifies special disabled veterans.

Anti-discrimination federal Laws Addressing Private Employment, State and Local Governments, Educational Institutions
Applicants t,o and employees of most private employers, state and local governments, educational institutions, employment agencies and labor organizations are protected under the following Federal laws:

Race, Color, Religion, Sex, And National Origin.  Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, prohibits discrimination in hiring, promotion, discharge, pay, fringe benefits, job training, classification, referral, and other aspects of employment, on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.

Individuals with Disabilities. The Americans with Disability Act of 1990, as amended, protect qualified applicants and employees with disabilities from discrimination in hiring, promotion, discharge, pay, job training, fringe benefits, classification, referral, and other aspects of employment on the basis of disability.  The law also requires that covered entities provide qualified applicants and employees with disabilities with reasonable accommodations that do not impose undue hardship.

Age. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, as amended, protects applicants and employees 40 years of age or older from discrimination on the basis of age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, terms, conditions or privileges of employment.

Sex (With Regard To Wages). In addition to sex discrimination prohibited by Title VII  of the Civil Rights Act (see above), the Equal Pay Act of 1963, as amended, prohibits sex discrimination in payment of wages to women and men performing substantially equal work in the same establishment.

Anti-Discrimination Federal Employment Laws Addressing Programs or Activities Receiving Federal Financial Assistance

Applicants to, and employees of companies receiving federal assistance are protected under the following Federal laws:

Race, Color, National Origin, and Sex.  In addition to the protection of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color or national origin in programs or activities receiving Federal financial assistance.  Employment discrimination is covered by Title VI if the primary objective of the financial assistance is provision of employment, or where employment discrimination causes or may cause discrimination in providing services under such programs.  Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of sex in educational programs or activities, which receive Federal assistance.

Individuals with Disabilities.  Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of disability in any program or activity, which receives Federal financial assistance.  Discrimination is prohibited in all aspects of employment against disabled persons who, with reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of a job.

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